Periodontal (gum) diseases are becoming rampant and have affected over 85% of world population. Gingivitis, a mild form of periodontal diseases is triggered by the bacterial biofilm commonly known as dental plaque that accumulates on adjacent teeth to gingiva gums. The pathogenic microorganisms in the biofilm are typically caused by poor brushing, genetic and environmental factors especially tobacco use, and inadequate flossing habits that allow plaque to build up and harden. In advanced stages, such conditions can lead to soreness and bleeding gums, pain during chewing, and loss of teeth.
What Causes Gum Disease?
Human mouths are characterized by a daily accumulation of bacteria. These bacteria combine with mucus and other particles to form a plaque ‘sticky colorless substance’ on teeth. Proper brushing and adequate flossing help get rid of this plaque. When the plaque is not properly cleaned, it hardens with time and forms tartar that general brushing can’t remove. It can be removed through professional cleaning by a dental hygienist or dentist. Smoking is one of the risk factors for gum diseases. Subsequently, smoking can make gum disease treatment less effective. Other risk factors include hormonal changes in women, diabetes, medicines that reduce the flow of saliva, and genetic predisposition
Gingivitis and Periodontitis symptoms include:
On visiting a dentist, he or she examines your gums and take note of any abnormalities. The dentist then measures any pockets around the teeth. The process should be painless in a healthy mouth with a pocket depth of between 1 and 3 millimeters. The specialist then asks questions pertaining to your medical history to identify underlining risk factors. The dentist may take an x-ray to check whether there is any bone loss and refer you to a periodontist for specialized treatment.
Gum diseases treatment focuses on controlling the infection. The severity of the gum condition dictates the type of treatment. However, all types of treatment to maintain a good oral daily care at home. The dentist may suggest quitting smoking among other behaviors in order to improve treatment effectiveness.
You don’t have to lose your teeth to periodontal disease. Brush, clean between your teeth, eat a healthy diet and visit your dentist regularly for a lifetime of healthy smiles.
Contact Dental & Denture Clinic and schedule your next appointment now!
What are canker sores?
A canker sore, also known as an aphthous ulcer, is an easy-to-identify condition that occurs when small lesions form on the soft tissues in your mouth. Although canker sores are uncomfortable and often painful, they rarely are a cause for concern and typically don’t require medical attention.
The two types of canker sores that exist are simple canker sores and complex canker sores.
Simple canker sores tend to have the following characteristics:
While complex canker sores have the following characteristics:
What are the causes of canker sores?
Although the exact cause of canker sores is still unknown, researchers have identified some factors that may contribute to their formation:
What are some common canker sore treatments?
Although canker sores heal on their own without intervention, the pain can be severe enough where you may seek a treatment option. It is important to keep in mind that most of the options that are marketed towards canker sores have not been clinically tested. Because of this, the effectiveness varies greatly from person to person. With that said, here are the most common treatments for canker sores:
How can I prevent canker sores?
Canker sores can be hard to prevent since a precise cause is not known. However, there are some precautions you can take to decrease the chance of a canker sore forming.
Good oral hygiene is the biggest contributor to the prevention of canker sores.
Most canker sores disappear in about seven to ten days, but if you have a canker sore that lasts more than two weeks, you should schedule an appointment at Dental & Denture Clinic. We’ll be glad to take care of it!